What is a cookie?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored in your browser when you visit almost any web page. The usefulness of the cookie is that the web is able to remember your visit when I return to surf this page. Although many people do not know the cookies have been in use for 20 years, when the first browsers for the World Wide Web.
What IS NOT a cookie?
It is not a virus or a Trojan, not a worm, or spam, or spyware, or open pop-up windows.
What information stores a cookie?
The cookies does not store sensitive information about you, such as credit card or bank account information, photographs, your ID or personal information, etc. The data stored are technical, personal preferences, content personalization, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a person in your web browser. In fact, if you regularly browse with Internet Explorer and try to browse the same web with Firefox or Chrome you will see that the web does not realize that you are the same person because you are actually associating the browser, not the person.
What type of cookies are there?
- Technical cookies: They are the most basic and allows, among other things, knowing when you are browsing if you are a human or an automated application, an anonymous user or one registered, basic tasks for running any dynamic web.
- Analysis cookies: Collect information on the type of navigation being done, the sections most used, consulted products, time period of use, language, etc.
- Advertising cookies: Display advertising based on your navigation, your country of origin, language, etc.
What are own cookies and third party cookies?
Own cookies are generated by the page you’re visiting and third party ones are generated by internal or external providers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What if I disable cookies?
To understand the scope that may have to disable the cookies here you have some examples:
- You can’t share content of this site on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The web site will not adapt content to your personal preferences, as often happens in online stores.
- Online stores: It will be impossible to buy online, you will have to call or visit the physical store if they have one.
- It will not be possible to customize your geographic preferences as time zone, currency or language.
- The website can’t perform web analytics about visitors and web traffic, making it difficult to be competitive.
- You can’t write on the blog, you can’t upload photos, post comments, evaluate or rate content. The web may not know whether you are a human or an automated application that publishes spam.
- No advertising may show sectioned, which will reduce the web advertising revenue.
Can cookies be deleted?
Yes. Not only delete, also block, in general or in particular to a specific domain.
To remove the cookies for a website, you must go to your browser settings and there you can find the associated domain in question and proceed to its elimination.
Cookies settings for most popular browsers
Here’s how to access a browser specific cookie in Chrome . Note: These steps may vary depending on the browser version:
- Go to Settings or Preferences using the File menu or clicking the customize icon that shows on the upper right.
- You will see different sections. Click Show advanced options option.
- Go to Privacy, Content settings.
- Select All cookies and website data.
- A list of all cookies ordered by domain appears. To make it easier to find the cookies for a given domain, partially or fully enter the address in the field Search cookies.
- After this filtering you will see on screen one or more lines with the cookies for the selected domain. Now you only have to select it and click on the X to proceed with its deletion
To access cookies settings in Internet Explorer follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Tools, Internet options
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the slider until your reach the privacy level desired.
To access cookies settings in Firefox follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Options or Preferences depending on your operating system.
- Click on Privacy.
- In History select Use custom settings for history.
- Now you will see the option Accept cookies, you can activate or deactivate it following your preferences.
To access cookies settings in Safari for OSX follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
- Here you will see the option Block cookies so you can adjust the type of block desired.
To access cookies settings in Safari for iOS follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Settings, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and security, you will see the option Block cookies so you can adjust the type of block desired.
To access cookies settings in Android devices follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Run the browser and touch the Menú key, then Settings.
- Go to Security and privacy, you will see the option Accept cookies so you can activate or deactivate the marker
To access cookies settings in Windows Phone devices follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Configuration
- Now you can activate or deactivate the Allow cookies marker.